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Article 18

article 18

Section 101, Legislative Purpose.  New York Sate General Obligations Law Article 18


§ 18-101. Legislative  purpose. 

The  legislature  hereby  finds  that alpine or downhill skiing is both a major recreational sport and a major industry within the state of New York. The  legislature  further  finds:
(1)  that  downhill  skiing,  like  many other sports, contains inherent risks including, but not limited to, the risks  of  personal  injury  or death  or  property damage, which may be caused by variations in terrain
or weather conditions; surface or subsurface snow, ice,  bare  spots  or areas  of  thin  cover,  moguls,  ruts,  bumps;  other persons using the facilities; and rocks, forest growth, debris,  branches,  trees,  roots, stumps  or other natural objects or man-made objects that are incidental to the provision or maintenance of a ski facility in New York state;
(2)  that downhill skiing, without established rules of conduct and care, may result in injuries to persons and property;
(3)  that it is  appropriate, as  well  as in the public interest, to take such steps as are necessary to help reduce the  risk  of  injury  to  downhill  skiers  from  undue, unnecessary  and unreasonable hazards; and
(4)  that it is also necessary and appropriate that skiers become  apprised  of,  and  understand,  the risks  inherent in the sport of skiing so that they may make an informed decision of whether or not to participate in skiing notwithstanding  the risks.    Therefore,  the  purpose  and  intent  of  this  article is to establish a code of conduct for downhill skiers and ski  area  operators to  minimize  the  risk  of  injury  to  persons engaged in the sport of downhill skiing and to promote safety in the downhill ski industry.

 § 18-105. Duties  of  skiers.  All  skiers  shall  have  the following duties:
    1. Not to ski in any area not designated for skiing;
    2. Not to ski beyond their limits or ability to overcome variations in slope, trail configuration and surface or  subsurface  conditions  which may  be caused or altered by weather, slope or trail maintenance work by the ski area operator, or skier use;
    3. To abide by the directions of the ski area operator;
    4. To remain in constant control of speed  and  course  at  all  times while  skiing  so  as  to  avoid contact with plainly visible or clearly marked obstacles  and  with  other  skiers  and  passengers  on  surface operating tramways;
    5. To familiarize themselves with posted information before skiing any slope or trail, including all information posted pursuant to subdivision five of section 18-103 of this article;
    6. Not to cross the uphill track of any surface lift, except at points clearly designated by the ski area operator;
    7.  Not  to  ski  on a slope or trail or portion thereof that has been designated as "closed" by the ski area operator;
    8. Not to leave the scene of any accident resulting in personal injury to another party until such times as  the  ski  area  operator  arrives, except for the purpose of summoning aid;
    9.  Not to overtake another skier in such a manner as to cause contact with the skier being overtaken and to  yield  the  right-of-way  to  the skier being overtaken;
    10. Not to willfully stop on any slope or trail where such stopping is likely to cause a collision with other skiers or vehicles;
    11.  To  yield  to  other  skiers  when  entering  a trail or starting downhill;
    12. To wear retention straps or other devices to prevent runaway skis;
    13. To report any personal injury to  the  ski  area  operator  before leaving the ski area; and
    14.  Not  to  willfully  remove,  deface,  alter  or  otherwise damage signage, warning devices or implements, or other safety  devices  placed and  maintained by the ski area operator pursuant to the requirements of section 18-103 of this article.
[section_listing id="538"]